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Hillndale Volunteer Fire Department
Serving Steubenville and Cross Creek Townships since 1948

Not all extinguishers can be used on all types and sizes of fires.

Fire Extinguisher Information Page
This information is provided as a general reference.
Unfortunately, no set of actions can eliminate the chance of fire, injury, or death.
Hillndale VFD is not responsible for any misinterpretation or misuse of this information.

Extinguisher Tips:

Types of Fires:

Ordinary combustibles
wood, paper, plastic, rubber, and cotton products
Flammable liquids and gases
gasoline, fuel oil, oil, paint, kitchen grease, propane, and methane
Live electrical equipment
appliances, computers, transformers, and motors
Combustible Metals
aluminum, magnesium, sodium, calcium, zinc, and titanium


Common Extinguisher types:
Use on Fire Types
Possible Extinguishing Agent(s)
A only
B and C
carbon dioxide, halon, and some dry chemicals
A, B, and C
multipurpose dry chemical


General Instructions for Extinguisher use:

  1. Determine if the fire is small enough for an extinguisher to be effective.  If in doubt, get out.
  2. Make sure that you have a secure escape route in the opposite direction of the fire.
  3. Pull the safety pin at the top of the extinguisher, thus breaking the plastic or wire seal.
  4. Point the nozzle or hose in a safe direction and discharge a short test burst to ensure proper operation.
  5. Move to within 6 to 8 feet from the fire and aim the nozzle or hose at the base of the fire.
  6. Squeeze the handle, thus discharging the agent, moving the hose or nozzle in a side to side motion.
  7. Do not spray the agent into the liquid of a class B fire.
  8. Halon and carbon dioxide application should continue after extinguishment to reduce the possibility of reignition.
  9. If the fire is not out in 30 seconds, immediately exit the building and call the fire department.

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If in doubt, get out.